IV International Conference
"Atmosphere, Ionosphere, Safety" (AIS-2014)

Kaliningrad, Russia, June 22-28, 2014

Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, RAS
Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation, RAS
Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Center for Chemical Physics of Atmosphere
Moscow Physical Society



 
 
 
 
 
 
Proceedings of IV International
AIS-2014 Conference

SECTIONS

The Conference Program of AIS IV (2014) assumes the following Sections:

«Elementary processes in the upper
atmosphere and ionosphere
» (section E)

Chair G.V. Golubkov

Reports on the dynamics of elementary processes accompanied with electronically excited and charged particles including ionization, recombination, and the processes of excited state quenching. The radiative and collision processes induced by electron precipitation from the ionosphere during the solar activity periods and due to action of internal radiations incoming to the Earth’s atmosphere are planned to be included. The processes of microwave radiation, affecting actively on live organisms, will be also considered. According to aerospace measurements the radiation forms at the height of order 100 km below the Earth surface and accounts for the excitation of Rydberg’s atoms and molecules. The general attention will be given to the environment influence to the characteristics of the considered processes as the functions of properties of the atmosphere.

«Ionosphere dynamics
and atmosphere — ionosphere coupling» (section D)

Chair A.A. Namgaladze

Reports on the following directions of researches will be presented: (i) formation of perturbation sources in the atmosphere and the ionosphere related to disasters phenomena (earthquakes, typhoons, volcanic eruptions, technogenic catastrophes, etc.); (ii) ionosphere response to influences of various origins (electric currents, acoustic waves, radioactivity, etc.); (iii) generation and propagation of the electromagnetic and plasma perturbations in the ionosphere.

«Electromagnetic and optical phenomena
in the atmosphere including long-lived and plasma objects
» (section P)

Chair V.L. Bychkov

13th International Symposium on Ball Lightning (ISBL-14)
6th International Symposium on Unconventional Plasmas (ISUP-14)

Reports on the lightning and ball lightning generation processes accompanied by the disaster phenomena will be considered. Questions of unconventional plasmas, long-lived objects, their experimental and theoretical modeling will be represented. The dynamics of distribution and interaction of the nanoscaled, large plasma and long-lived formations with the substances and biological objects in the atmosphere will be offered.

 «Information systems of the environment
monitoring and the accident prevention
» (section S)

Chair L.S. Chudnovsky

Reports on chemical physics processes in the D-and E-layers of the atmosphere will be presented in this section. They traditionally include radiative and collisional processes of recombination, ionization, excitation and quenching of atmospheric components. Particular attention will be paid to an increase in total electron content (TEC), flux and temperature of free electrons under the influence of solar activity. Recently it was discovered experimentally that the nonequilibrium two-temperature plasma is formed under these conditions. Last theoretical calculations have shown that Rydberg states of atoms and molecules are highly populated in such plasma. The interaction of highly excited atoms and molecules with neutral particles of the medium leads to noticeable radiation of upper atmosphere in the decimetric range. This microwave radiation is incoherent and is responsible for a significant carrier/noise decrease for satellite navigation systems (i.e. GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, etc.). The main reason of sharp carrier/noise decrease is due to the processes of absorption and reradiation of electromagnetic wave (combinational scattering) on Rydberg atoms and molecules in D-layer of atmosphere. It is evident, that GPS signal reradiation leads to sufficient positioning error. The physical and chemical causes for the formation of “transparency windows” for decimetric range will be considered in details. We also plan to examine the possible mechanisms of the group and phase delays of satellite signals as they propagate through the D-and E-layers of the atmosphere.

«Novel Methods for Environmental
Control and Monitoring» (Section M)

Chair A.I. Kokorin

This section should provide an overview of the state-of-the-art and application perspectives of modern physical-chemical methods in the area of environmental control and monitoring in atmosphere, water, solid materials, soils, wastes, animal and human bodies. Such methods and technologies as EPR, NMR, tomography, optical and IR- spectroscopy, chromatography, laser technique, thermography, etc, are appreciated. Scientists working in the field of basic research and application of these methods to environmental chemistry, safety and monitoring are invited to participate.

«Combustion and Pollution:
Environmental Impact»(section C)

Chair S.M. Frolov

This section is implied to provide an overview of the state-of-the-art in the intrincically interrelated disciplines: combustion technology and physical chemistry of atmospheric pollution. Research scientists working in the field of combustion propulsion, fire and explosion safety, atmospheric chemistry and environmental protection are invited to participate.

 

The Conference Scientific Program will include the invited plenary and keynote lectures, oral presentations, and poster sessions. We would like kindly to invite all scientists interested in understanding and exploring chemical and physical processes in atmosphere and ionosphere for an exciting 7-day scientific summer event to Kaliningrad. Once again, we will meet in Zelenogradsk, a tiny town at the sand shore of the Baltic sea, the root of the Kuronian spit. The summer sunny and warm (not hot, very comfortable) weather is guaranteed.